It is remarkable how much the world has progressed scientifically throughout the past century. Thus, as a gesture of admiration and appreciation, we have made a list of five of the most celebrated chemists of all time.
- Marie Skłodowska Curie
She is the first person in history to have achieved the remarkable feat of winning two Nobel Prizes, one for Physics in 1903 and another for Chemistry in 1911. She won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her work on radioactivity and her discovery of two new elements, namely, Polonium and Radium.
- John Dalton
Dalton propounded the Atomic Theory. His theory stated that all matter is made up of atoms and that atoms bond with other atoms to form compounds. According to him, atoms could neither be created nor destroyed and all gases can be liquified under favourable temperatures and pressure. His theory also formed the basis of Gay-Lussac’s Theory.
- Amedeo Avogadro
Avogadro published his hypothesis on the behaviours of gases in Journal De Physique in 1811. According to his hypothesis, equal amounts of any gas at the same temperature and pressure would have an equal number of molecules.
- Alessandro Volta
Renowned Physicist and Chemist, Alessandro Volta is accredited as one of the first inventors of an electric battery, named Voltaic Pile. He is also said to have discovered Methane gas.
- Rosalind Elsie Franklin
Rosalind Franklin’s work on X-Ray diffraction was crucial to the understanding and discovery of the structure of DNA. She discovered the B-type DNA which proved that DNA could exist in more than one form. In 1997, amateur astronomer John Broughton discovered an asteroid in the main belt of asteroids between Mars and Jupiter and he named it the ‘9241 Rosfranklin’ as a tribute to the late Rosalind Franklin.
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