Physics has played a pivotal role in shaping our understanding of the universe and has led to numerous discoveries that have had profound impacts on society. I fell in ,ove with this subject way back in school when I started taking class from my favourite teacher ever, undoubtedly the Best Home tutor in Kolkata. Ever since then I have been very interested in this discipline and I like to just share all the interesting information and Physics facts that I know with everyone. So, here are five discoveries in physics that have changed the world.

Theory of Relativity (Special and General): Albert Einstein’s theories of relativity, including special relativity (published in 1905) and general relativity (published in 1915), revolutionised our understanding of space, time, and gravity. These theories have led to advancements in technology, such as GPS satellites (which account for both special and general relativistic effects), and have fundamentally changed our perspective on the universe.

Quantum Mechanics: I started taking private classes from a Home tutor near me back in High school and that is when I came across this concept for the first time. Quantum mechanics, developed in the early 20th century by physicists such as Max Planck, Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, and Erwin Schrödinger, describes the behaviour of particles at the atomic and subatomic levels. This theory revolutionised physics by introducing the concept of quantized energy levels and probabilistic behaviour of particles. Quantum mechanics has led to numerous technological advancements, including the development of transistors, lasers, and quantum computing.

Discovery of the Electron: In 1897, J.J. Thomson discovered the electron, a negatively charged subatomic particle, through his experiments with cathode rays. This discovery laid the foundation for our understanding of the structure of atoms and led to the development of electronics and modern telecommunications. 

Theory of Electromagnetism: James Clerk Maxwell’s formulation of the theory of electromagnetism in the 19th century unified the previously separate phenomena of electricity and magnetism into a single theory. This theory provided the basis for the development of technologies such as electric power generation, telecommunications, and electromagnetic radiation-based imaging techniques.

Discovery of the Higgs Boson: In 2012, scientists at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider announced the discovery of the Higgs boson, a fundamental particle predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics. The discovery confirmed the mechanism by which particles acquire mass through interactions with the Higgs field and completed the Standard Model of particle physics. 


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These discoveries have not only advanced our understanding of the natural world but have also had far-reaching impacts on technology, industry, and society as a whole. They serve as testament to the power of human curiosity and ingenuity in unravelling the mysteries of the universe.